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abstention

abstention əb-sten-chən ( n )
:the staying of the exercise of federal jurisdiction in a case that involves a question of state law or policy which the federal court prefers to have resolved by a state court or agency

also :the staying of the exercise of federal jurisdiction in a case that involves a proceeding in a court of military justice


Burford abstention bər-fərd- :an abstention grounded on the involvement in the federal case of a challenge to the exercise of a usu. complex state administrative function


Colorado River abstention kä-lə-ra-dō-, -rä- :an abstention grounded esp. on the involvement in the federal case of questions of state concern that are also at issue in a parallel case in state court


Pullman abstention pül-mən- :an abstention grounded on the involvement in the federal case of the interpretation of an ambiguously worded state law whose constitutionality would have to be determined by the federal court A party to a case subjected to a Pullman abstention may reserve the right to return to federal court once the state court has resolved the state law question. Pullman abstentions are the most common type of abstention.


Thibodaux abstention tē-bə-dō- :an abstention grounded on the involvement in the federal case of an issue that greatly affects and concerns a state


Younger abstention yə-gər- :an abstention grounded on the plaintiff's invocation of federal jurisdiction for the purpose of restraining an ongoing usu. criminal state proceeding that has been brought in good faith and not for harassment



Merriam-Webster’s Dictionary of Law ©2016 Merriam-Webster, Incorporated. Published under license with Merriam-Webster, Incorporated.